BY ZACK ZEIGLER
Not to burst anyone’s bubble, but just because the label says “sugar free” doesn’t mean it’s a green light to chew gum all day, every day. Popping in a piece or two won’t hurt you, but at day’s end, if empty packs end up in the trash bin, it’s time to break the habit.
WHY IT’S BAD: Sugarless gums use artificial sweeteners that act exactly like sugars when too much has been ingested.
HOW IT’S BAD: Synthetic sweeteners include sugar alcohols, such as sorbitol, which can hinder digestion, cause bloating and prevent fat burning when you’re trying to reduce bodyfat to the low single digits.
AVOID THE BUST: Look for gums made with stevia, a nonsynthetic, zero-calorie substance, instead of artificial sweeteners.
- Stevia is a natural sweetener that can be up to 300 times sweeter than sugar.
- NutraSweet and Equal brands contain aspartame; Splenda is sucralose based; Sweet’N Low brand is made with saccharin.
When the endgame is fat loss, the sugar in fruit can thwart the plan. It might be natural, but that doesn’t mean it can be considered a free- for-all food while dieting.
WHY IT’S BAD: Fruits contain the natural sugar fructose, which can become another hurdle to burning off bodyfat if eaten without restraint.
HOW IT’S BAD: Fructose cannot be used directly by the body for fuel. It must first go to the liver and be converted to glucose. That is one reason why fruit is usually a low- glycemic carb that does not rapidly raise blood glucose and insulin levels. However, if the liver is already full of glycogen (the storage form of glucose), it will not convert fructose into glucose; instead, it will convert it into fat!
AVOID THE BUST: There is no substitute for fresh produce, so do not purchase processed, packaged or canned fruit instead. These products are typically saturated with even more sugar and should — along with fruit juices — be avoided.
- The glycemic index is a good resource for selecting fruits. It’s an inverse property: the lower the GI, the higher the fruit should rate in your diet.
- Low-GI foods register 55 and below; don’t choose fruits with a value of 70 or higher, except for after workouts.
- Low-GI carbs produce small fluctuations in blood glucose and insulin levels.
The potential of leaving a Texas-sized brown stain on your pants aside, this syrupy substance also has the ability to muck you up when it’s time to sport the posing trunks.
WHY IT’S BAD: Barbecue sauces contain sugar or molasses. When looking to get leaner, a little is OK, but not when dieting for competition.
AVOID THE BUST: Hit the sauce — the hot sauce, that is. Hot sauces are normally vinegar based and there’s no need to monitor intake as closely.
- Barbecue sauce, mayonnaise and soy sauce — avoid this gang of condiment misfits.
- Flashback to Bodybuilding 101: fat-heavy mayo should be treated as an enemy combatant.
- Soy sauce is high in sodium and if you’re trying to peak for a show, that could cause you to hold water, so avoid this condiment, or reach for a low-sodium version.
When it comes to soft drinks — even “no calorie” diet sodas with the words “zero” and “light” attached to the brand name — it’s best to kick the can. Too much will cause your diet to fizzle.
WHY IT’S BAD: Mimicking the taste of sugar with lab-created sweeteners might fool your palate, but it won’t fool your diet, and it still has the capability to impede fat loss.
HOW IT’S BAD: The “diet” formula contains non-nutritive sweeteners, such as aspartame, which can lead to serious health-related issues, according to Rambod.
AVOID THE BUST: Fill up the Brita and pour a glass of water
- On the bright side, diet soda can be the lesser of two evils if it’s a life-or-death choice between that or a candy bar. In that case, go with the pop.
- Infrequently sipping on carbonated drinks can help curb hunger cravings, but it can also cause gas and bloating.
- The U.S. government is currently considering slapping a sales tax on soda and other sugary drinks in hopes of fighting obesity.
WHY IT’S BAD: Processed peanut butter adds extra sugar and partially hydrogenated vegetable oil (trans fats) to improve flavor and make it easier to spread on sandwiches. Unfortunately, what ends up getting smothered along with the bread is the nutritional value.
HOW IT’S BAD: Too much peanut butter will trigger the body to burn the monounsaturated fat instead of bodyfat.
AVOID THE BUST: Go straight to the source — peanuts. Grab a package of almonds or unsalted peanuts and enjoy a different, crunchier texture while reaping the same nutritional benefits natural and organic peanut butter can offer.
PEANUT BUTTER FACTS
- The ingredients should read: peanuts and salt. That’s it. Anything else is unnecessary.
- “Reduced fat” can often mean added sugar.